“….If Peace takes place, never sheath your Sword….untill you have obtained full and ample Justice” George Washington

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01. Washington was first elected to public office in 1758 of the British colony Virginia a commonwealth state in the House of Burgesses serving for fifteen years and held a great legislative passion and hope for the ambitious goals of the crown.

02. As a citizen of the British Commonwealth, there was no other man so well positioned in the legislature of the new colonies as to conclude that the colonies as united states would still have to protect its citizens from the problems caused by original charters as well as war with the patriots of England.

03. George Washington served in the Virginia House of Burgesses for fifteen years before the American Revolution and was very committed to the peaceful occupation of law making in the legislature.

04. After a failed bid for a seat in December 1755, through the processes of suffrage, he won election in 1758 and represented Frederick County until 1761.

05. He then ran in Fairfax County, winning a seat which he would retain until 1775.  It could be said, George felt their needed to be more unity and organization between all the settlements who received their primary education as it came or by luck and happenstance.

06. During his tenure, Washington was indoctrinated and perfected to the processes of colonial legislation with little support from England as was the tradition the colonist had been accustomed to for about 200 years.

07.  Meeting in Williamsburg with elder statesmen such as John Robinson, Peyton Randolph, and George Wythe, as well as newer “Burgesses” such as George Mason, Patrick Henry, and Thomas Jefferson, Washington learned to navigate political spheres and his learning expanded by leaps and bounds while working in the House of Burgesses.

08.  The Virginia House of Burgesses where he served was the first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America under a tax-motivated British crown and made possible by the Original charter granting settlers the right to form a semi-autonomous government away from the Crown who refused them the status and full protection of the Crown whose desire was only to make money for the Crown’s wars.

09. For England new colonies meant new taxes and new wealth to be used for purposes of their wars against France and Spain having less concern for using the taxes for the running of government and providing public assistance as they should have been used.

10. Little military support in their historical struggle against Native Americans and their taxes misspent caused remorse and bitter feelings in the citizens of the British commonwealth.

11.  The Virginia House of Burgesses, where Washington set up camp, was established by the Virginia Company of London,  whose history in the life of the new incorporation was to fulfill, continue even expand the powers of the original charter through war, suffrage and commonwealth legislation while through farming and trade trying to becomes a viable and self-sufficient new government.

12.  George Washington’s  involvement and intimate contact  with The Virginia House of Burgesses won him the affections and the respect of the British whose grip on the colonies was slowly collapsing as wars against France and Spain were still being fought.

13.  Despite their own problems in the settlements, the new colonies were still looked at for taxes from a  Government and a King they never saw a man who seemed to care little for the Charters mission or the blood the spilled by the colonists to started the country.

14.  George had positioned himself to make the Charter’s a successful venture after many disappointments and if the commonwealth could be saved, then it would have been through the House of Burgesses.

15.  The House of Burgesses was the first and most well established source of Colonial order and a bridge between the Colonists the Crown of England.

16. The Crown of England and the Colonists count not have had a better more astute prepared and experienced delegate than George Washington who as a legislator in the House of Burgesses watched historical events in legislation unfold over a period of about 20 years.

17.  There were others with him who bore witness the moral and legal breakdown of the colonies before it was determined a solution was needed as the foundations of the Charters had deteriorated to a great degree through neglect and lack of support from a Crown that was more concerned about Taxes and their wars with Spain and France.

18. To save the commonwealth, Washington –  man of peace – could not have been in a better more historical place to save the commonwealth for the sake of the Crown, but it’s authority was based on men whose leadership counted for little interest other than that of expanding the interest of the mother country at the cost of its Commonwealth citizens who were treated as less than patriots or British citizens.

19. Slowly Washington was forced to watch the demise and the breakdown of Government through the Historical House of Burgesses founded by the Virginia Company of London with a History extending back before 1610.

2o.  Before it even took place Washington foresaw the collapse and knew and the eventual problems that were going to arise between the colonist and England.

“To form a new Government, requires infinite care, & unbounded attention; for if the foundation is badly laid the superstructure must be bad.”  George Washington

21.  The commercial foundations and commercial ambitions of the charters that started the Founding Colonial companies had little concern for the original settlers.

22.  It was understood that this new venture in which England sold stock for the establishment the new trade-colonies in the Americas that there were financial risks for Investors as well as the settlers and sailors who would undergo the initial Journey and sufficient knowledge of the coastline from exploration made this venture far more interesting for times than we can imagine.

23. European civilization living in colonies through various charters and incorporations miraculously manage to survive wars for more than 200 years in a country whose Governors and councilmen changed often and frequent and where law and order was completely absent at times and massacres by Indians and wars with many tribes insured very unstable beginnings ending in as Washington said was a very poor superstructure.

A brief History of the Virgina company of London and the struggle of early settlers. 

24.  The Virginia Company of London refers collectively to two joint stock companies chartered and recharted by James I on 10 April 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.

25.  The two companies were called the “Virginia Company of London” (or the London Company) whose first charter to the Carolina’s was made in London about 25 years earlier  and then the “Virginia Company of Plymouth” (or Plymouth Company) most notably taught in Schools as the Landing at Plymouth Rock a failed settlement that eventually by the efforts of war peace and legislation came to be Plymouth the name it was given by the homesick settlers whose majority may have stemmed from Plymouth in England and to the settlers of  Plymouth Rock their new home was for them “the new England”

Plymouth is a port city in Devon, southwest England. It’s known for its maritime heritage and history.

26. Both of the companies operated with identical charters in differing territories.

27. An area of overlapping territory was also created within which the two companies were not permitted to establish colonies within one hundred miles of each other.

28. The Plymouth Company never fulfilled its charter, and its territory later became the colony of New England another British commonwealth.

29. As corporations, The Plymouth Company and  the Virginia Company were empowered by the Crown to govern themselves as corporations, and the same privilege was extended to the colony of New England.

30.  In 1624, the Virginia Company of London failed in its incorporation of the new territories; however, its grant of self-government to the colony was not revoked, and, “either from apathy, indecision, or deliberate purpose,” the Crown allowed the system to continue keeping in mind with Sir Walter Raleah’s efforts´previous efforts.

31. Going back even further in time in the late 1580s, Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to plant a colony for England in present-day North Carolina before the landing at Plymouth Rock.  Had he succeeded,  the London Charter of Virginia the name of some very important noble woman would have more fame in the Carolina’s than it does in “Virginia” that is first and foremost the name of an important woman who many people places and things are named after including but not limited to the Virgina Company of London 1580’s and possibly in existence as a business in England before the 1580s before deciding to venture out into new territories as a charter.

Others believer that Sir Walter Raleih invented the name.  Bruce P Lenman states:      

There is no doubt Sir Walter Raleigh invented the name Virginia. Raleigh, or Ralegh, as he usually spelled his name, initiated the attempts to establish an English colony in North America in territory that imperial Spain regarded as part of its empire and described sweepingly as Florida. Ralegh’s first and abortive colony in 1585 was essentially a privateer base. His second attempt in 1587 was a serious effort to establish a permanent settlement, though it failed. In between the attempts, Ralegh received such marks of favor from Queen Elizabeth as knighthood and permission to call the newly settled land Virginia in her honor, for she never married and was “the virgin queen.” This had the virtue of making an end of the linguistic muddle over names into which Ralegh knew he and his colonists had fallen because of ignorance of the local Algonquian language. The English had been using absurd terms like Wingandacoia, whose origin was native, but whose meaning is still obscure. –  Bruce P. Lenman   https://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Autumn01/jamesI.cfm

32.   Lenman answers and solves his own puzzel as Queen Victoria was known as the  “The Virgin Queen” of which was formed the name Virginia which is why it is such a powerful name with parents and in use still.

33. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death in 1603.   She was refered to as  The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess (God Bless the Queen in – Gaelic Middle English)  The childless Elizabeth – the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty – was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who may have died in child birth other legends say she was excuted.   Anne’s marriage to Henry VIII was annulled as problems within the relationship cuased great stress on both of them.  As a result, Elizabeth was declared illegitimate as she “technically” now had no Father.”

34. During Mary Queen of Scotts reign, Elizabeth – the founder of the Church of England – was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels and their struggle against a bad Vatican leadership and played a large if not definite role in making of the King Jame’s Bible from where “James” Town gets its pulse.

35. In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule.  One of her first actions as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement was to evolve into the Church of England.

36. It was expected that Elizabeth the reason ad name of the Charter of the Virginia London Company would marry and produce an heir to continue the Tudor line. She never did, despite numerous courtships. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity. And a new order in honor of “The Virgin” was found and grew around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day.  The War was over many problems and back then this  was the war for world supremacy.   Back then the Hessians or Germans the people of Gaul played a minor role as conscripts and later abandoned their middles eastern and Aryan roots to align themselves with England as  “Saxons” the British being Saxons Anglais or Anglo Saxons (Saxons from England).  The War for World Supremacy was back then between England France and Spain and conducted by men and escalated after the death of  Elizabeth “England’s Virginian Queen”  Virgina means “Always Virgin or Siempre Virgin in Spanish.

A 3882 Diego Velazquez 1599-1660   “La Asencion ” The assention of the Virgin”. He was born a few years before the death of Elizabeth whose legend in Spain was also popular.

37. Despite the commercial goals of the civilized world, wars started.  Catholicism vs Protestants and vexations by Wizards – the political equivalents of the defeat religious homosexual political and industrial wizard group known these latter days as the  Masons –  who had infiltrated the Church then as they did during these last days to do the same as always cause wars and kill citizens for their magical spells to take root over the People of the Earth.

38 This is why Elizabeth broke from the Vatican, but not away from the Faith.

39. In government, Elizabeth – the reason and the name behind the “Viginia Company of London” – was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been.

40- One of her mottoes was “video et taceo” (“I see but say nothing”).

41.  Because of Spains Blind Loyalty to Vatican, By the mid-1580s, England could no longer avoid war with Spain.  Under the “Virgin Queen’s”  authority England’s defeated a great Spanish Armada in 1588 and associated Elizabeth with one of the greatest military victories in English history.

42.  Elizabeth’s reign is known as the Elizabethan era. The period is famous for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake.

43. Elizabeth is acknowledged also as a charismatic performer and may have performed on stage during a time when England’s laws forbid it.   A lover of dogs and the Theater, Elizabeth was a survivor in an era when government was ramshackle and limited, and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardized their thrones.

44. On to this tamultuous scene entered Sir Walter Raleigh and the Famous Virginia Company of London Charter.

45. Raleigh’s failure however does not erase the fact of his landing on the shores of America in the 1580s during the time of Queen Elizabeth and William Shakespeare.

46. Raleigh’s unsuccessful and expensive attempts at settlement is referred to as The Lost Colony, and made the English crown wary of trying again right away, the next effort would be about twenty-five years later after the turn of the century.

Sir Walter Raleigh by Unknown artist, oil on canvas, 1602

46. In 1606 the Virginia Company of London received a charter from the newly-crowned King James I.  Following the precedent set by other companies such as the Moscovy Company and the famous and powerful East India Company.

47.  Back to The Virgina Company of London. 

48. As has already been stated, the Virginia Company was a joint-stock company, which sold shares to investors to finance their venture.

49. All who purchased shares at a cost of £12 10s  suffered to share in the risks, the successes or failures of the venture that encroached on new unknown poorly charted and studied territories of the Americas.

50. The Virginia Company of London thus had political colonial and business goals and was formed both to bring profit to its shareholders and to establish an English colony in the New World.

51. The Virgina Company of London, under the direction of its treasurer Sir Thomas Smith, was instructed to colonize land between the 34th and 41st northern parallel according to the cartography standards of the day.

52. In December 1606, the Virginia Company of London’s three ships, containing 144 men and boys, set sail.  The Discovery was the smallest of three ships of this historical expedition, the Susan Constant and the Godspeed were names of the other two ships

53. On May 13 these first settlers selected the site of Jamestown Island as the place to build their fort. Whether or not they knew it was an Island back then or a peninsula is inconsequential, but current maps show it an Island and once home to the Paspahegh people, or Virginia Algonquians.

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54. The site for Jamestown was picked for several reasons, all of which met criteria the Virginia Company of London, The site was surrounded by water on three sides and no mention of the navigation if the Back River most likely its name is (Black River) which carried through to the Peninsula which would have made it an Island.

55.  The water was deep in port areas so that the English could tie their ships at the shoreline.

56. Once a location was officially chosen for a settlement, instructions were sent by the Virginia Company of London, with the list of the council members (chosen by officials in England), was read to the settlers.

57. These names were kept in sealed boxes and each ship had their own legal notarized copy.

58. According the history, the first President of the new Virginia colony was to be Edward Maria Winfield. His six documented council members chosen by the officials of England were:

01. Bartholomew Gosnold

02. Christopher Newport

03. John Martin

04. John Ratcliffe

05. George Kendall

06. John Smith.

59. By June 15th in the year of our Lord 1607,  the fort was completed.( see map and legend above)
 60 This first fort was constructed as a protective area for peaceful settlers and standard shaped fortress that took into account the landscape with a bulwark at each corner, holding four or five pieces of artillery,  the most feared enemy being Spain still a Naval Threat,
61. The settlers were also now protected against any attacks that might occur from the local Powhatan Indians, whose hunting land they were living on.
62. Prior diplomatic relations had already taken place between the newcomers and the Powhatan Indians, but settlers felt vulnerable most likely by imperfect relations with the Indians on whose land they chose to squat.
63. On June 22, Captain Newport left for England to get more supplies for the new settlement.

64. Not long after Captain Newport left, the settlers began to succumb to a variety of diseases, do to bacterial environments and to which they had not yet acclimated to.

65. Settlers boiled water even then but it said that they trusted the drinking water from the salty or slimy river (Possibly the Black River) an estuary like river whose slimy black color may have been contributed to by various ecological factors as human contamination back then was yet to reach its heights.

66. But this water was said to have been one of several things that caused the death of many and the death tolls were high. But war with the Indians was not blamed so people would continue to migrate and England determined to colonize.

67. Death by drinking water or war, the ¨Physical symptoms attributed to death included swellings, fluxes, fevers, famine, “sometimes” wars.

68. When food was running low, it is recorded that Chief Powhatan starting to send gifts of food to help the English settlers most likely taking empathy on the average non militant settler.

69. If not for the Powhatan Indians help, empathy, evacuation, or beating back of in the early years, the settlement would most likely have failed, as the English would have died from the various diseases caused by war or simply starved from England’s failure to supply common settlers with food and or training in hunting and gathering in the territorial land and waters of the Powhatans.

70. By late 1609, the relationship between the Powhatan Indians and the English had soured even more

71. The English were demanding too much food during a drought and British Navy known to be great fishermen are nowhere mentioned as a solution so the settlements and the Virgina London Company a total financial failure at its start as the surveyors failed to calculate and adequately assess and forsee problems suchs war with indians and failure as part of the risks.

72. Left on their own, the winter of 1609-10 is known as the “Starving Time.” the colonists trapped in their triangle fort unable to forage for food.

73. During that winter the English were afraid to leave the fort, due to a legitimate fear of being killed by the skilled and seasoned Powhatan Indian warrior gorillas whose sovereignty had been invaded.

74. As a result settlers ate anything they could: such as various animals, even cooking the leather from their shoes and belts, and sometimes ate each other their fellow settlers after they had died by no means uncommon in the history of disasters and war.

75. According to records of William Strachey, by the early 1610,  80-90% of the settlers had died due to starvation and disease caused by war with the Natives Jamestown.

76. In May of 1610, a fresh wave of settlers shipwrecked and stranded in Bermuda, arrived at Jamestown named after King James 1st (The King James Bible)
 77.  King James is in History  King James VI of  Scotland 3 other James in Scotland before him and King James 1st of England & Ireland
78.  (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death.

79.  The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union.

80. James was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and a great-great-grandson of Henry VII, King of England and Lord of Ireland, positioning him to eventually accede to all three thrones.

81. James succeeded to the Scottish throne at the age of thirteen months, after his mother Mary was compelled to abdicate in his favour.

82. Four different regents governed during his minority, which ended officially in 1578, though he did not gain full control of his government until 1583.

83. In 1603, James  succeeded the last Tudor monarch of England and Ireland, and Queen Elizabeth I, who died without an heir who would have – as a Tudor – succeded or coruled with James.

84. He continued to reign in all three kingdoms for 22 years, a period known as the Jacobean era after him, until his death in 1625 at the age of 58. After the Union of the Crowns, he based himself in England (the largest of the three realms) from 1603, only returning to Scotland once in 1617, and styled himself “King of Great Britain and Ireland”.

85. He was a major advocate of a single parliament for England and Scotland. In his reign, the Plantation of Ulster and British colonization of the Americas began.

86. The new settlers were survivors and only part of a naval or Merchant fleet sent the previous fall and these survivors used two boats built on Bermuda to get to Jamestown, so they obviously had shipbuilding naval skills.

87. No mention of the death of the previous six officials and president who most likely died in the war against the Native Americans.
88. Now Sir Thomas Gates was the newly named governor who came upon Jamestown totally exposed finding it in shambles with the palisades of the fort torn down, the gates off their hinges, and food stores running low.
89. The decision was made to abandon the settlement.
90. Less than a day after leaving, however, the Governor Sir Thomas Gates and those with him, including the survivors of the “Starving Time,” were met by news of an incoming fleet with supplies that was bringing another new governor of Jamestown for life one Lord Delaware and hearing this Gates and his party returned to Jamestown.

91. In 1612, John Rolfe, one of the many shipwrecked on Bermuda, helped turn the settlement into a profitable venture.  To do this there had to be a war or a clearing of the Indians or some kind of agreement that allowed the harvesting of tobacco.

92-  Rolf introduced a new strain of tobacco from seeds he brought from elsewhere at Jamestown and Tobacco became the long awaited late cash crop for the Virginia Company London, who wanted to make money off their investment in Jamestown and no mention of return or by back of shares at a cheap price by the Virgina Company of London after the first tragedy and failure of the first venture.

93. On July 30, 1619, a newly appointed Governor in sequence Governor Yeardley called for the first representative legislative assembly.

94. July 30, 1619 marked the beginning of representative government in what is now the United States of America.

95. In that same year, the first documented African slaves were brought to Virginia to work on the plantations.

96. The colonist needed human resources for the labor-intensive tobacco industry and trade.

97. Also in 1619, the Virginia Company of London recruited and shipped over about 90 women to become wives and start families in Virginia, something needed to refresh and reestablish another permanent colony and settlement.

98. Prior to this recruitment, over one hundred women brought or started families and had arrived in prior years, but 1619 was when establishing families became a primary focus.

99. Now peace between the Powhatan Indians and the English had to be made.  War had taken its toll on both sides and the British wanted commercial peace having suffered much death in attempting to settle Jamestown for the Virgina Company of London.

100. The Powhatan (also spelled Powatan) are a powerful Native American people in Virginia whose descendents still carry on there as mixing inevitably took place.

official-white-house-images-john-smith-map-1612-of-territory-of-virginia-features-respect-to-great-powhatan-people-and-its-emperor

Official White House Images John Smith survey map, 1612 of Territory of Virginia features respect to great Powhatan people and its Emperor.

101. The Powhatan’s were much bigger tribe however featuring great chieftains all throughout America.  The name Manhattan Island was most likly named with understanding and respect that the Island once belonged to men pf the Haten tribe related to Powhaten but their name unckear Manhatan (Manhattan) was chosen most likely because of the remembrance of the first great wars with the Powhatan Empire.

102. The area that eventually encompassed modern day New York City was inhabited by the Lenape people. The Leni Lenape or Lenape known also as Delaware people(or nation)  and in Canada, are recognized First Nationsband government and also called Delaware Indians  and their historical territory included present day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley.

103. During the Beaver Wars in the first half of the 1600s also reffered to as the 17th century, European colonists were careful to keep firearms as the Iroquoian peoples such as the Susquehannocks and Confederation of the Iroquois became comparatively well armed.

104. Subsequently, the Lenape became subjugated and made tributary to first the Susquehannocks, then the Iroquois, even needing their rivals (superiors) agreement to initiate treaties such as land sales.

105. Like most tribes, Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseasesoriginating in Europe, mainly smallpox but also cholera, influenza and dysentery, and recurrent violent racial conflict with Europeans. Iroquoian peoples occasionally fought the Lenape. As the 1700s progressed, many surviving Lenape moved west —into the (relatively empty) upper Ohio River basin.

106. These groups of culturally and linguistically identical Native Americans traditionally spoke an Algonquian language now referred to as Unami.

107. The Algonquian language is what tied many tribes together and tied them to The Powhatan’s who were among the first a front line by default to confront oversees men and fight them at Jamestown

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algonquian_languages

108. Early European settlers called bands of Lenape by the Unami place name for where they lived, such as “Raritan” in Staten Island and New Jersey, “Canarsee” in Brooklyn, and “Hackensack” from New Jersey across the Hudson River from Lower Manhattan. Eastern Long Island neighbors were culturally and linguistically more closely related to the Mohegan-Pequot Peoples of New England who spoke the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language.

109. These people all made use of the abundant waterways in the New York City region for fishing, hunting trips, trade, and occasionally war. Place names such as Raritan Bay and Canarsie, are derived from Lenape names. Many paths or crude roads created by the indigenous Peoples are now main thoroughfares, such as Broadway in Manhattan, the Bronx, and Westchester.   The Lenape developed sophisticated techniques of hunting and managing their resources making them formidable jungle fighters. By the time of the arrival of Europeans, they were cultivating fields of vegetation through the slash and burn technique, which extended the productive life of planted fields. They also harvested vast quantities of fish and shellfish from the bay.

official-white-house-images-king-opechancanough-or-opchanacanough-who-lived-1554-1646-eagle-plume-powatanJamestown however knew best King Opechancanough or Opchanacanough who lived (1554–1646) and was a tribal chief within the great Powhatan Confederacy of Virginia and its paramount chief from sometime after 1618 until his death in 1646.

Opchanacanough means “He whose Soul is White” in the Algonquian Powhatan language. 

 He was the younger brother (or possibly half-brother) of Chief Powhatan, who had organized and dominated the Powhatan Confederacy.

It is estimated that there were about 14,000–21,000 Powhatan people in eastern Virginia when the English settled Jamestown in 1607.  

They were also known as Virginia Algonquians, as they spoke an eastern-Algonquian language known as Powhatan or Virginia Algonquian.

The wars having taken their toll a partial truce was made by marriage.

Other records say Pocahontas was taken as slave scout against her will.

Pocahontas was daughter to the mighty Prince Powhâtan Emperorer of Attanoughkomouck the land of Virginia.

official-white-house-images-marriage-of-pocahontas-oil-on-canvass

She converted and was baptized into the Christian faith, and became the wife to the historical figure Mr. Joh. Ralff

official-white-house-images-the-baptism-of-pocahontas-oil-on-canvas

(Rolfe) and an Engraving by the Dutch and British printmaker and sculptor Simon van de Passe was made featured below that shows great respect and honor to Pocahontas looking probably as she was presented at court.

official-white-house-images-pocahontas-by-simon-van-de-passe-1616

Engraving by the Dutch and British printmaker and sculptor Simon van de Passe Courtesy of the British Museum,

110. The conversion of Pocahontas to christianity and marriage to John Rolfe in 1614, ended in 1622 Pocahontas dying of poor medical health falling ill in the circles of Nobility of Europe after being introduced at court.

111. In March of that year the paramount chief, then Opechancanough, planned a coordinated attack against the English settlements.

112. Opechancanough was tired of the English encroachment on Powhatan lands.

113. Jamestown escaped being attacked, due to a warning from a Powhatan boy living with the English. During the attack 350-400 of the 1,200 settlers were killed.

114. After the attack, the Powhatan Indians withdrew, as was their way, and waited for the English to learn their lesson or pack up and leave.

115. Once the English regrouped they retaliated and there was fighting between the two Peoples for ten years, until a tenuous peace was reached in 1632 101 years before the birth of George Washington.  

116. On May 24, 1624, the Virginia Company of London’s charter and independence was revoked by King James Idue to overwhelming financial problems and politics, and Virginia became a royal colony to pay taxes now to King James I, and remained so until the Revolutionary War.

117. This change of attitude and shift in control did not change the English policy towards the Powhatan Indians. Despite peace being declared in 1632, English encroachments on Powhatan lands continued undiminished as more settlers and troops arrived in the Colony.

118. In April 1644, Opechancanough planned another coordinated attack,which resulted in the deaths of another 350-400 of the 8,000 settlers.

119. The attack ended when Opechancanough was captured in 1646, taken to Jamestown, and shot in the back by a guard – against orders – and killed.

120. His death brought an eventual death to the Powhatan Chiefdom; it was reduced to tributary status. His successor signed the first treaties with the English, which made the Powhatan Indians subjects of the English.

official-white-house-images-the-coronation-of-powhatan

121. In 1676 the year Bacon’s Rebellion saw more struggles in Jamestown, but the British and the colonists settlers were determined to keep fighting each other and the Indians.

122. The settlers were unhappy about their tobacco being sold only to English merchants due to the Navigation Acts, high taxes, and attacks on outlying plantations by American Indians on the frontiers. Nathaniel Bacon got about 1,000 settlers to join him and take care of the “Indian Problem.” Bacon forced Governor Berkeley to give him an official commission to attack the American Indians to blame. Bacon and his followers, however, did not differentiate between those tribes responsible for the attacks and those who were loyal to the English. Governor Berkeley declared Bacon a rebel and civil war erupted in the colony. In September, Bacon and his followers set fire to Jamestown, destroying 16 to 18 houses, the church and the statehouse. Not long after, in October, the Rebellion began its end with the death of Nathaniel Bacon of the “bloody flux.” Eventually, many of the rebels were captured and 23 were hanged by Governor Berkeley.

123. As a result of Bacon’s Rebellion, another treaty was signed between the English and the Virginia Indians. More tribes were part of this treaty than the one of 1646. The treaty set up more reservation lands and reinforced a yearly tribute payment of fish and game that the tribes had to make to the English.

124. In 1698, fire struck Jamestown again. The fire was evidently started by a prisoner awaiting execution in the nearby prison.

125. The fire destroyed the prison and the statehouse, though many of the public records were saved.

126. In 1699, the government and capital were moved from Jamestown to Middle Plantation, renamed Williamsburg.

127. People continued to live on Jamestown Island and owned farm lands, but it ceased to be a town.

128. Today, Jamestown Island is a historic site, though there is still a private residence on the island. It is preserved by the National Park Service and Preservation Virginia for visitors to learn about the importance of Jamestown and what was born out of its being the first permanent English settlement in North America.

 129. The Original Charters of the Crown written, the Virginia London Company suffered the worst and was created in its body as part of an effort to encourage English craftsmen to settle in North America, and to make conditions in the colony more agreeable for its current inhabitants, but it failed in laying a necessary superstructure leaving the colonists and the settlers with minimal military support.
130. All its failure however its is defined by Historians the Virginia Company of London’s long-term steadfastness founded the most stable of political bodies through legislature of Virginia through the House of Burgesses the Oldest legislative reliable resource for settlers and colonist looking for money support and protection from a lawless society and from whom Washington drew many soldiers.
official-white-house-paintings-and-facts-martha-and-george-washington-were-married-on-january-6-1759
131. Since 1619 to 1776, thee representative branch of the legislature of founding Virginia was the House of Burgesses, which governed in conjunction with a colonial governor and his council.
132. And Jamestown remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699, when the government was moved to Williamsburg, Pennsylvania

133. In 1776 the colony of Virgina became the independent Commonwealth of Virginia and when the Historical House of Burgesses founded by the The Virginia Company of London became the House of Delegates, the peace Washington hoped for had dissolved and war with England was unavoidable.

134. As the troops loyal to a British Monarchy gone tyrannical trying to bring the colonist into submission the most powerful and largest Navy in the world made itself known landing upon the shores of Canada and America without much resistance.

135. The  massive British Navy of King George III was so great it was still able to wage war also against France and a very Formidable Spanish Navy whose Naval Armada was also legendary.

136. To the observance of these events during the revolutionary war  General Washington stepped forward and could only say, “They’re everywherenow.”

137. The quotes of General George Washington follow a timeline of war and without them this small treatise would have no value and in them we share with intimate feeling the auspices of a man whose duty to humanity was greater than to even himself.

official-white-house-paintings-and-facts-martha-washington-americas-first-first-lady

138. Time Line Quotes of General George Washington 1775 – 1783 courtesy of Mount Vernon http://www.mountvernon.org and http://allthingsliberty.com

The Year of Our Lord  1775
01.  I this day declare with the utmost sincerity, I do not think my self equal to the Command I ⟨am⟩ honoured with.

02.  As to pay, Sir, I beg leave to Assure the Congress that as no pecuniary consideration could have tempted me to have accepted this Arduous employment at the expense of my domestic ease & happi⟨ness⟩,I do not wish to make any profit from it.

03.  I am now embarked on a tempestuous Ocean from whence, perhaps, no friendly harbour is to be found.

04.  Between you and me I think we are in an exceeding dangerous Situation.

05.  I found a mixed multitude of People here, under very little discipline, order, or Government.

06.  For the future I shall regulate my Conduct towards those Gentlemen who are or may be in our Possession, exactly by the Rule which you shall observe, towards those of ours, who may be in your Custody. If Severity, & Hardship mark the Line of your Conduct, (painful as it may be to me) your Prisoners will feel its Effects.

07. I cannot conceive any more honourable, than that which flows from the uncorrupted Choice of a brave and free Poeple—The purest Source & original Fountain of all Power… I shall now, Sir, close my Correspondence with you, perhaps forever.

08. I can hardly think that Lord Dunmore can act so low, & unmanly a part, as to think of seizing Mrs Washington by way of revenge upon me.

09. I daresay the Men would fight very well (if properly Officered) although they are an exceeding dirty & nasty people.

10. Perseverance and Spirit have done Wonders in all ages.

11.  The General does not mean to discourage the practice of bathing, whilst the weather is warm enough to continue it; but he expressly forbids, any persons doing it, at or near the Bridge in Cambridge, where it has been observed and complained of, that many Men, lost to all sense of decency and common modesty, are running about naked upon the Bridge, whilst Passengers, and even Ladies of the first fashion in the neighbourhood, are passing over it, as if they meant to glory in their shame.

12.  Let the Hospitality of the House, with respect to the Poor, be kept up; Let no one go hungry away—if any of these kind of People should be in want of Corn supply their necessities.

cropped-christmas-1776-crossing-of-the-delaware-river-official-white-house-images-general-george-washington-mobilizing-the-continental-congress.jpg
The Year of Our Lord  1776

13. The reflection upon my Situation, & that of this Army, produces many an uneasy hour when all around [men] are wrapped in Sleep.  Few People know the Predicament we are In … If I shall be able to rise superior to these, and many other difficulties, which might be enumerated, I shall most religiously believe that the finger of Providence is in it.

14. Three things prompt Men to a regular discharge of their Duty in time of Action, Natural bravery—hope of reward—and fear of punishment.

15. If you should ever come to Cambridge, or near Head Quarters, I shall be happy to see a person so favoured by the Muses, and to whom nature has been so liberal and beneficent in her dispensations.

16. One or two [Loyalists] have done, what a great many ought to have done long ago—committed Suicide—By all Acts there never existed a more miserable set of Beings than these wretched Creatures now are … It is a great stake we are playing for, and sure we are of winning if the Cards are well managed.

17. To form a new Government, requires infinite care, & unbounded attention; for if the foundation is badly laid the superstructure must be bad.

18. Mrs Washington is now under inoculation in this City; & will, I expect, have the Small pox favourably—this is the 13th day, and she has very few Pustules.

19. Let us therefore rely upon the goodness of the Cause, and the aid of the supreme Being, in whose hands Victory is, to animate and encourage us to great and noble Actions—The Eyes of all our Countrymen are now upon us.

20- Had I been left to the dictates of my own judgment, New York should have been laid in Ashes before I quitted it … Providence—or some good honest Fellow, has done more for us than we were disposed to do for ourselves.

21. Our only dependence now, is upon the Speedy enlistment of a New Army; if this fails us, I think the game will be pretty well up.

The Year of Our Lord 1777

22.  I shall constantly bear in Mind, that as the Sword was the last Resort for the preservation of our Liberties, so it ought to be the first thing laid aside, when those Liberties are firmly established.
23.  That the Army may be kept as clean as possible of this terrible disorder [small pox], I have recommended it to every State, which is to send Troops to the Army in this department, immediately to begin upon the inoculation of their Recruits, and to continue till they have gone thro’ the whole … We intend for the present to keep the Matter as much a Secret as possible, and I would Advise you to do the same.

24. The Commander in chief, in the most pointed and explicit terms, forbids ALL officers and soldiers, playing at cards, dice—or at any games, except those of EXERCISE.

25. General Washington’s compliments to General Howe. He does himself the pleasure to return him a dog, which accidentally fell into his hands, and by the inscription on the Collar appears to belong to General Howe.

26 General Conways’ merit then, as an officer, and his importance in this Army, exists more in his own imagination than in reality.

27. I am now convinced beyond a doubt, that unless some great and capital change suddenly takes place in that line this Army must inevitably be reduced to one or other of these three things. Starve—dissolve—or disperse.

The Year of Our Lord 1778

28 So soon then as the public gets dissatisfied with my services, or a person is found better qualified to answer her expectation, I shall quit the helm with as much satisfaction, and retire to a private station with as much content, as ever the wearied pilgrim felt upon his safe arrival in the Holy-land, or haven of hope.

29. The recent Instance of uncomplaining Patience during the scarcity of provisions in Camp is a fresh proof that they possess in an eminent degree the spirit of soldiers and the magnanimity of Patriots.

30. General Washington having been informed, lately, of the honor done him by Miss Kitty Livingston in wishing for a lock of his Hair, takes the liberty of inclosing one, accompanied by his most respectful compliments.

31.  Nothing short of Independence, it appears to me, can possibly do … To see men without Cloat⟨hes⟩ to cover their nakedness—without Blankets to lay on—without Shoes, by which their Marches might be traced by the Blood from their feet—and almost as often without Provisions as with; Marching through frost & Snow, and at Christmas taking up their Winter Quarters within a days March of the enemy, without a House or Hutt to cover them till they could be built & submitting to it without a murmur, is a Mark of patience & obedience which in my opinion can scarce be parallel’d.

The Year of Our Lord 1779

32. Brothers, I am a Warrior.

33. Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder.

34. Our Magazines are absolutely empty every where and our Commissaries entirely destitute of money or credit to replenish them. We have never experienced a like extremity at any period of the War.

The Year of Our Lord 1780

35 In modern wars the longest purse must chiefly determine the event—I fear that of my enemy will be found to be so—though the Government is deeply in debt & of course poor, the nation is rich and their riches afford a fund which will not be easily exhausted.

36.  General Arnold is gone to the Enemy. (Benedict Arnold)

The Year of Our Lord 1781

37.  To guard against Assassination (which I neither expect, nor dread) is impossible—but I have not been without my apprehensions of the other attempt—Not from the enemy at New York—but the Tories & disaffected of this place; who might, in the Night, carry me off in my own Boat and all be ignorant of it till the Morning.

38. You ought to have considered yourself as my representative, and should have reflected on the bad example of communicating with the enemy, and making a voluntary offer of refreshment to them with a view to prevent a conflagration.

The Year of Our Lord 1782

39. But you may rely upon it, the patience & long sufferance of this Army are almost exhausted, and that there never was so great a spirit of Discontent as at this instant.

The Year of Our Lord 1783
40.  Be courteous to all, but intimate with few, and let those few be well tried before you give them your confidence—true friendship is a plant of slow growth.

41.  For it will not be believed that such a force as Great Britain has employed for eight years in this Country could be baffled in their plan of Subjugating it by numbers infinitely less—composed of Men often times half starved—always in Rags—without pay—& experiencing, at times, every Species of distress which human nature is capable of undergoing.

42.  If Peace takes place, never sheath your Sword says he untill you have obtained full and ample Justice.

43. The establishment of funds, and security of the payment of all the just demands of the Army will be the most certain means of preserving the National faith & future tranquility of this extensive Continent … a Country rescued by their Arms from impending ruin, will never leave unpaid the debt of gratitude.

44. An extra ration of liquor to be issued to every man tomorrow, to drink Perpetual Peace, Independence & Happiness to the United States of America.

45.  It now rests with the confederated Powers, by the line of conduct they mean to adopt, to make this Country great, happy, & respectable; or to sink it into littleness—worse perhaps—into Anarchy & Confusion; for certain I am, that unless adequate Powers are given to Congress for the general purposes of the Federal Union that we shall soon moulder into dust.

In The Year of Our Lord  December 14, 1799  George Washington Died after a Doctor used Bloodletting the draining of blood to try and remove an illness.  Bloodletting was at the time an acceptable life saving technique and in order for it accepted by physicians it must have had been experimented with in some kind of controlled setting with some miracle results in order for them to use it on Americas First Sovereign and President .

authorized by the Holy Spirit, written by many writers and written and edited by Jose Maria Chavira M.S.  Adagio 1st Nome de Plume JC Angelcraft

   official-white-house-images-in-the-year-of-our-lord-december-14-1799-geroge-washington-went-into-the-afterlife-the-life-that-comes-after-our-current-life-is

Many refrences one authority

https://cdn.loc.gov/service/gdc/lhbcb/0262b/0262b.pdf

Library of Congress – A General History of New England and the Summer Isles retrieved from the Crown of Canada

16. JV Agvs Dei Verbvm Dei Filvs Dei Son AltesseRoyale Jose Maria Chavira Adagio 1st M.S. Agnvs Khan V PrimogentivsFilvs dei HominisSpiritvs Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum Nom de Plume JC Angelcraft

https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st

john-3-3-blason-son-altesse-royale-jose-maria-chavira-m-s-adagio-1st-agnvs-khan-v-dominus-dominorum-est-et-rex-regum-et-reginarum

Happy Month of March  from the United States Public Health Service Civilian Corpvs (The Department of Justice, The U.S. Navy, The U.S. Marines, The U.S. Army, USGS. General Dynamics, The United States Coast Guard, The American Red Cross, the Library of Congress, the Department of the Interior, The Department of Education, The Department of Forestry, The Bureau of Indian Affairs, The Department of State, all Law Enforcement Agencies, Adagio 1st, The EMA Emergency Management Agency et all and Her Royal Highness Mary of Maryland and her staff the citizens of the United States of America =)

29.   God help you and bless you in all things and help you to do the right thing  and make the right decisions always for your lives.

blason-adagio-1st

30.  S.A.R. Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st Nom de Plume JC Angelcraft special agent in charge of the United States of America under the Emergency Powers Act  and author of The Nine Needs all Human’s Have  http://healthcareinsuranceretirementandauditcorporation.wordpress.com/9-needs-therapy/

the-great-of-the-united-states-of-america-vector-justice-grey-background

(Full Divine Name)  JV Agvs Dei Verbvm Dei Filvs Dei Son AltesseRoyale Jose Maria Chavira Adagio 1st M.S. Agnvs Khan V PrimogentivsFilvs dei HominisSpiritvs Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum Nom de Plume JC Angelcraft

https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st

Facebook account no 1  – is currently hosting  the ” Stupid Cat” Blog breaking away from the everyday problems of bad news.   JC Angelcraft

 

 Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira MS Adagio 1st at Linked-In.  The Linked-In a Network is for working Government Administrators, Professionals small medium and large businesses as well as Corporations, Schools and Universities and Specialized Groups

  1. http://fr.linkedin.com/in/josemariachavira/ar
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ema-emergency-managment-agency-pace-ac-bello-merita-service-in-peace-and-war

41. Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira MS Adagio 1st at Linked-In.  The Linked-In a Network is for working Government Administrators, Professionals small medium and large businesses as well as Corporations, Schools and Universities and Specialized Groups

  1. http://fr.linkedin.com/in/jcangelcraft/fr
  2. http://fr.linkedin.com/in/jcangelcraft/en
  3. http://fr.linkedin.com/in/jcangelcraft/mx
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1600-x-900-the-great-of-the-united-states-of-america-by-the-people-and-for-the-peoplemadonna-and-child-giovanni-sassoferrato-1the completeness of God

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